Bursitis-causes, diagnosis, treatment, prevention


Joint disease is very common. Their tissues are gradually destroyed, and the inflammatory process deteriorates the quality of human life, sometimes leading to irreversible consequences.

What is bursitis, how does the pathology behave, and what is its diagnosis and treatment-find answers to these and other pressing questions in this article.

What is bursitis?

Bursitis is an inflammatory pathology that affects the synovial pockets-one or more. The disease is manifested by unpleasant sensations on palpation, swelling, and other specific and non-specific signs.

The more serious the lesion, the more exudate accumulates in the bursa of fabric, and the larger the volume.

The bursa of Fabricius is a hollow organ whose cells produce fluid. A person has more than one hundred bags in total, distributed in various parts of the body.

Causes of bursitis

There are several factors that can cause this disease. Let us consider the main reason.

This is not a one-time impact on the bag, but when the damage is permanent. For example, an athlete performs the same action multiple times. In this case, the synovial department is affected:

  • elbow
  • patella

They cause diseases:

  • Long cycling
  • Speed running
  • Uncomfortable shoes
  • Repetitive movement of the elbow joint
  • Bend your knees often

Intense pressure on joints

Heavy physical labor, when the load falls on the same part of the body, is seen in miners, construction workers, and people who often kneel for long periods of time.

The high-intensity load and long-term training that professional athletes bear when preparing for the competition are also factors that induce bursitis.

Often, the disease develops when an infection enters the synovial bag. It happens like this:

  • against the background of a decrease in the body’s defenses;
  • mechanical injuries, cuts;
  • chronic infectious diagnoses;
  • HIV and AIDS;
  • oncological neoplasms;
  • liver dysfunction;
  • alcohol or drug addiction.

Infectious bursitis is classified into:

  • specific – inflammation is caused by tuberculosis, gonorrhea, syphilis
  • nonspecific – purulent accumulations form in the bag – microorganisms.

Chronic diseases

We are talking about diagnoses affecting joints:

  • scleroderma
  • gout
  • arthritis

Chronic joint inflammation can lead to salt deposits. From the bone tissue, salt penetrates into the bursa wall and causes gradual inflammation, which usually becomes chronic inflammation


In medical practice, quality is not a disease. It is just a manifestation of atypical processes that occur in the body:

  • allergy
  • decrease in immunity

These pathologies promote the development of inflammation in various parts of the body, including bursitis.

Age change

As we age, body cells are less likely to regenerate, and their composition will change. The fabric is not as dense and elastic as when it was young. The same happens with synovial bags, where the salt concentration reaches a critical standard.

Risk factors-who gets bursitis most often

The potential risk factors are:

  • Diabetic
  • Alcohol addicts;
  • Patients who take hormone drugs for a long time;
  • fat people;
  • Professional athletes;
  • Patients with autoimmune diseases;
  • Suffering from sinusitis, tonsillitis-chronic manifestations.
  • Bursitis-classification of diseases

According to the atypical processes occurring in the affected area, several types of diseases can be classified:

  • Suppuration-it is caused by infection;
  • Serous—The liquid in the bag is transparent, and the pathological nature is non-infectious;
  • Fibrin-develops in the context of tuberculosis. In the bag-protein cover;
  • Hemorrhagic-with blood splashing into liquid;
  • Stones-the contents of the bag are full of calcium deposits;
  • Limestone-There are shards of lime in the bag.

Symptoms of bursitis

The clinical manifestations of the disease depend on the extent of its course and the location of its location. Pathological progress has general principles and specific principles. Let us consider them in more detail.

Common symptoms of bursitis

In the chronic form of the disease course, the clinical picture is blurred, the disease passes relatively calm, and sometimes enters the worsening stage.

Acute bursitis clinic:

  • General health deterioration-increased fatigue, weakness, drowsiness of muscle tissue;
  • The temperature rises slightly;
  • Different degrees of joint dysfunction;
  • Pain syndrome;
  • Redness of the skin and swelling of the affected area.
  • Shoulder Bursitis

If the inflammation is contagious, the signs of bursitis are as follows:

  • Throbbing pain
  • Redness, swelling of soft tissues;
  • Chills
  • hot;
  • Vomit;
  • nausea.
  • Suppuration:

Diagnosis of bursitis

During the collection of medical records and the visual examination of patients, competent doctors have been able to diagnose the disease. The patient’s other examination methods can confirm or deny the initial diagnosis:

  • Biochemical analysis of urine and blood;
  • Computer tomography
  • Nuclear magnetic resonance
  • Ultrasound
  • Antibody analysis;
  • Puncture the joint fluid.

Bursitis treatment

If the disease does not start, the main treatment for bursitis is conservative treatment. The duration of treatment is 14-30 days.

Misunderstandings and dangerous misunderstandings in treating bursitis
Don’t expect the anomaly to go away on its own. The disease is insidious, it turns into a chronic form, and the symptoms are vague or temporarily non-existent. People calm down and lead an ordinary life. Long-term chronic diseases are difficult to treat and often require surgical treatment.

In addition, after a while, the pain will reappear, but it will be more intense.

How to relieve pain at home
If you cannot go to the clinic, you can use anti-inflammatory drugs (pills or topical medications) to temporarily stop the symptoms of the disease, ointments and gels.

If the pain persists, use an anesthetic. Use cabbage leaves and bile compresses to help-they not only relieve pain, but also partially relieve inflammation.

Drugs for treating bursitis
Which medicine to take depends on the composition of the fluid in the joint capsule. If there are no impurities and no dead white blood cells are detected during the analysis, the patient is shown a combination of non-steroidal or steroid courses of drugs and anti-inflammatory drugs.

Used for infections, antibiotics and antimicrobial drugs.






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